By John S. Gilkeson
This e-book examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, whilst Franz Boas left Germany for the USA, till 1965, while the nationwide Endowment for the arts was once confirmed. 5 chapters hint the advance inside of educational anthropology of the techniques of tradition, social type, nationwide personality, worth, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As americans got here to think about tradition anthropologically, as a "complex entire" some distance broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been idea and said," so, too, did they arrive to determine American groups as stratified into social sessions wonderful by way of their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yankee personality to socialization instead of start; to find the individuality of yank tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in an international viewpoint.
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Additional resources for Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965
Franz Boas, ‘‘Human Faculty as Determined by Race,’’ Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 43 (1894): 301–327; reprinted in The Shaping of American Anthropology, 221–242; George W. , ‘‘The Critique of Racial Formalism,’’ in Race, Culture, and Evolution, 161–194. ’’ As he pointed out in Charities magazine in 1905, no ‘‘anthropological evidence’’ had yet been adduced that demonstrated the Negro’s innate inferiority. Invited by W. E. B. ’’ Although he admitted in Van Norden’s magazine in 1907 that the ‘‘somewhat larger size of the white brain’’ could result in ‘‘a slightly greater ability’’ in white intelligence, Boas insisted that there was no relation between brain size and mental capacity.
Anthropology, 1866–1903,’’ American Anthropologist 104 (2002): 508–519; Robert W. Rydell, All the World’s a Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876–1916 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984), 55–60. , Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960), 6. George W. , ‘‘Matthew Arnold, E. B. Tylor, and the Uses of Invention,’’ in Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology (New York: Free Press, 1968), 86–90; George W. , ‘‘Tylor, Edward Burnett,’’ International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (New York: Macmillan, 1979), 16:170–177; George W.
O. 37 In their search for a usable past and an organic culture, American intellectuals were looking for a conception of culture that would bridge the gap between inherited, largely European, ideals of culture and actual American conditions by focusing attention on the indigenous and the commonplace. Emanating from university seminars, this new conception of culture would reflect the increasing specialization and academic institutionalization of 33 34 35 36 37 Rupert Brooks, quoted in Ann Douglas, Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhattan in the 1920s (New York: Farrar, 1995), 159; Claudia Stokes, Writers in Retrospect: The Rise of American Literary History, 1875–1910 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006), 22; Shumway, Creating American Civilization, 25.
Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson