Download e-book for iPad: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language by Bernard Harrison (auth.)

By Bernard Harrison (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0333120442

ISBN-13: 9780333120446

ISBN-10: 1349162272

ISBN-13: 9781349162277

'... a masterly advent to the principal matters that experience outlined the sphere considering Frege.' educating Philosophy

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And, of course, this is as it must be. I could not identify Nixon by appeal to the meaning of his name, because 'Richard Nixon' has, in that sense, no meaning. It is simply a semantically arbitrary label attached by convention to the individual Nixon, whom, as a matter of psychological, and not at all of linguistic fact, some of us happen to know how to identify. With proper names, or some proper names, in short, there seems to be a clear and satisfying partitioning between psychological and linguistic questions about meaning.

7. ' 18 The idea behind this definition is that, whereas some NAMES 35 of the properties of a thing are properties which it could lose without ceasing to be a thing of that sort, others - the essential ones - are not. A man may cease to be ignorant without ceasing to be a man, but he cannot metamorphose into a pig, say, without ceasing to be a man. "9 The phrases 'making ... to be of another species' and, 'whereby it is what it is' are of course ambiguous. Locke may be taken as meaning that the essence of a thing of a given sort is literally what makes it a thing of that sort, as the structure of the atoms in a sample of gold makes them atoms of gold and not copper.

That is, they exhibit precisely the puzzling characteristic of generality which Locke is trying to explain away. 5. A bstraction and simple ideas Locke distinguishes between simple and complex ideas. He introduces the distinction as if it were a piece of descriptive introspective psychology: As simple ideas are observed to exist in several combinations united together, so the mind has a power to consider several of them united together in one idea, and that not only as they are united in external objects, but as itself has joined them.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language by Bernard Harrison (auth.)

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