By Franklin S. Axelrod
Have you questioned the place a Puerto Rican plant grows, while it vegetation, the place it comes from? good, this is an annotated list of the vascular crops almost immediately discovered starting to be within the wild at the island of Puerto Rico that may be a useful relief to botanists, ecologists, foresters and anybody else attracted to the plant life of Puerto Rico. right here you will discover the distribution of vascular crops in the island supplied based on a unique scheme that comes with either wide physiographic parts and particular geographical websites. those are either defined within the textual content and illustrated by way of 3 maps. additionally, you will locate important details at the instances of flowering, fruiting, and spore creation for every plant and in addition references for every one to contemporary monographs on Puerto Rican crops the place a fuller description of every could be found.
In the previous few years there were many alterations within the names of person plant taxa (species, subspecies, and types) and within the alignment of plant households. those alterations are recorded during this paintings in one of these approach that older clinical names in addition to Spanish universal names should be tracked to new permitted ones. when you consider that there's a lot overlap of the Puerto Rican vegetation with that of alternative Caribbean islands and components, those nomenclatural alterations can also be of use to researchers operating in these areas.
This list covers 2909 taxa which are integrated in 1053 genera and 210 households. of those taxa 2335 (80.2%) are local and 574 (19.7%) are unique; of the local ones, 243 (10.4%) are endemic.
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Have you questioned the place a Puerto Rican plant grows, while it plants, the place it comes from? good, this is an annotated list of the vascular vegetation almost immediately chanced on transforming into within the wild at the island of Puerto Rico that might be a useful relief to botanists, ecologists, foresters and anyone else attracted to the plant life of Puerto Rico.
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From the roots to aboveground tissues in Cd-treated plants was stimulated by augmenting Mo levels resulting in stimulatory effect on plant metabolism. Increased Mn or Fe supply also decreased Cd levels in leaves (Klaassen 2006). Similarly, nickel-induced chlorosis was modulated by supplementing Ni-treated plants with higher iron and nitrogen supply. Application of macronutrients like P or metallic elements like K or Fe may revitalize HM-treated plants. However, in vivo studies cannot be transferred to natural conditions because of highly complicated relation among all nutrients and varied plant susceptibility at particular growth stages (Naser et al.
Plant Cell Physiol 52:1433–1442 17 Nuria AC, Ana PG, Sergi P, Lola PA (2010) Deregulated copper transport affects arabidopsis development especially in the absence of environmental cycles. Plant Physiol 153:170–184 Oomen RJ, Wu J, Lelievre F, Blanchet S, Richaud P, Barbier-Brygoo H, Aarts MG, Thomine S (2009) Functional characterization of NRAMP3 and NRAMP4 from the metal hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens. ) in field soils. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 39:420–430 Pianelli K, Mari S, Marquès L, Lebrun M, Czernic P (2005) Nicotianamine over-accumulation confers resistance to nickel in Arabidopsis thaliana.
BMC Microbiol 10:319 Suresh B, Ravishankar GA (2004) Phytoremediation-A novel and promising approach for environmental clean-up. Crit Rev Biotechnol 24(2–3):97–124, ISSN: 1549–7801 Takahashi R, Ishimaru Y, Senoura T, Shimo H, Ishikawa S, Arao T, Nakanishi H, Nishizawa NK (2011) The OsNRAMP1 iron transporter is involved in Cd accumulation in rice. J Exp Bot 62:4843–4850 Tangahu BV, Abdullah SRS, Basri H, Idris M, Anuar N, Mukhlisin M (2011) A review on heavymetals (As, Pb, and Hg) uptake by plants through phytoremediation.
A Systematic Vademecum to the Vascular Plants of Puerto Rico by Franklin S. Axelrod